Neuroanatomy 11 The Cerebellum


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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

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Neuroanatomy 11 The Cerebellum
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23 Pages
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Sample Questions from the Neuroanatomy 11 The Cerebellum Quiz

Question: Which of the following are indications of cerebellar disturbance?



Intention tremor.

Pendular knee jerk.

Scanning speech.

All of the above.

Question: The dorsal spinocerebellar tract is contralateral to its cell bodies.




Question: Where are the cell bodies of the axons that convey sensory information from this sense organ?


Dorsal root ganglia.

Intermediolateral cell column or lateral horn.

Clarke's nucleus (or nucleus dorsalis of Clarke).

Ventral horn.

Question: What are the structural and functional relations between the cerebellar cortex and the deep, or central, nuclei?


Deep nuclei receive input from Purkinje cells.

Deep nuclei receive input from mossy fibers.

Deep nuclei receive input from climbing fibers.

All of the above.

Question: How do the olivocerebellar axons terminate in the cerebellum?


Mossy fibers.

Climbing fibers.

Basket cell axons.

Question: What part of the brain stem and cerebellum is NOT supplied by this artery in the posterior fossa? This angiogram is a lateral view with the rostrum to the left. The vertebral artery was injected.


Lateral part of medulla.

Tonsillar region of cerebellum.

Inferior surface of posterior cerebellum.

Inferior cerebellar peduncle.


Question: What attaches the cerebellum to the brain stem?


Cerebral peduncles.


Cerebellar peduncles.


Question: What part of the cerebellum does this artery supply?


Inferior surface.

Superior surface.



Flocculonodular lobe.

Question: Ataxia is defined as:


Inability to perform rapidly alternating movements.

Error in the range of movement.

Lack of continuity in the execution of movements.

Error in the rate, force, and direction of movement.

Muscle weakness.

Question: What types of sensory endings, other than muscle spindles, convey information to the cerebellum via spinal cord tracts?


Golgi tendon organs.




Question: These nuclei are contralateral to the cerebellar hemisphere where their axons terminate.




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Disclaimer:  This course does NOT provide the education or experience needed for the diagnosing or treating any medical condition, all site contents are provided as general information only and should not be taken as a medical advice.
Source:  Stephen C. Voron, M.D., Suzanne S. Stensaas, Ph.D. , Department of Neurobiology and Anatomy, University of Utah, School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah 84132,
Madison Christian
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Subramanian Divya
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