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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
Dr. Avery GI Bio Path quiz
Download Dr. Exam PDF eBook
20 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Dr. Avery GI Bio Path quiz Exam

Question: _______________ is absorbed in the proximal small intestine (jejunum) and ___________ is absorbed in the distal small intestine (ileum)

Choices:

B12, Folate

Folate, B12

Question: If both B12 and Folate are decreased , then generalized malabsorption is occurring in the small intestine. True/False

Choices:

True

False

Question: Dogs with EPI generally have >5.0 ug/L TLI test result. True/False

Choices:

True

False

Question: _______________ is intestinal disease associated with severe hypoproteinemia, weight loss, and voluminous poorly formed stool.

Choices:

Maldigestion

Malabsorption

Question: Which of the following is false regarding exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?

Choices:

Maldigestion

Normal protein levels

Weight loss and voluminous poorly formed stool

Malabsorption

routine blood work may not be helpful for diagnosing

Question: Bacterial overgrowth (increased Folate levels) is a common sequela to EPI in dogs. True/False

Choices:

True

False

Question: On a fecal fat test, Direct mixing of Sudan and feces positive result = _____________________. If the Direct mixing is negative, then add acetic acid and heat for a positive result =_______________________.

Choices:

On a fecal fat test, Direct mixing of Sudan and feces positive result = undigested fat (digestion problem) If the Direct is negative, add acetic acid and heat for a positive result = digested fat (absorption problem)

On a fecal fat test, Direct mixing of Sudan and feces positive result = absorption problem If the Direct mixing is negative, add acetic acid and heat for a positive result = digestion problem

Question: Intrinsic factor (IF ) is secreted by what organ?

Choices:

Liver

Small Intestine

Pancreas

Kidney

Large instestine

Question: Melena is an indication of bleeding in the lower GI tract. True/ False

Choices:

True

False

Question: What test is most sensitive and specific for Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI)?

Choices:

PLI

Fecal Fat

Fecal occult

TLI

CBC and Bio Chem Panel

Question: I will not forget on the capstone exam that Cats with EPI may mimic generalized malabsorption because the B12 and folate decrease in both diseases.

Choices:

True

False

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